Comparative assessment of the vulnerability and resilience of 10 deltas
The project “Comparative assessment of the vulnerability and resilience of 10 deltas” is carried out by Deltares, Alterra Wageningen UR, WWF and (potential) Delta Alliance wings and is one of the first projects under Delta Alliance. A generic framework is created to study the physical, ecological and socio-economic impacts and adaptive responses regarding the most affected sectors in deltas worldwide. Extensive descriptions of the Rhine- Meuse (The Netherlands), Mekong (Vietnam), Ciliwung (Indonesia), Ganges-Brahmaputra (Bangladesh), California Bay (USA), Mississippi (USA), Yangtze (China), Nile (Egypt), Incomati (Mozambique) and Danube (Romania) deltas are provided.
The project builds upon the work done for the Aquaterra 2009 conference in Amsterdam, on the project “Adaptation strategies for shoreline development in San Francisco Bay” and its corresponding workshop in September 2009, and on recent recommendations following the World Estuary Alliance conference regarding the development of a worldwide assessment of estuaries by means of “scorecards”. Scorecards make it possible to compare current and future states of deltas responding to changing conditions. They are presented as tables, representing a highly aggregated assessment of the current and future state of the delta. Lessons learned, research gaps and opportunities for knowledge exchange and collaboration between deltas are identified in order to enhance resilience and sustainable development in deltas.